El apoyo familiar y entre iguales como factor preventivo de la ciberviolencia entre adolescentes. Implicaciones según edad y género

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51698/aloma.2024.42.1.37-48

Palabras clave:

cyberbullying, cybervictimization, family, peer support

Resumen

Los factores psicológicos e individuales que predicen el ciberacoso han sido objeto de numerosos estudios; sin embargo, se ha prestado menos atención a los factores contextuales o sociales relevantes, como la familia y el apoyo de los compañeros en Internet. Algunos estudios los analizan de forma aislada, pero pocos los examinan conjuntamente, lo que limita su enfoque. Por ello, este estudio pretende explorar hasta qué punto las redes de protección (familia y compañeros) pueden predecir la probabilidad de convertirse en víctima o agresor de este tipo de violencia, utilizando una muestra de 1.554 estudiantes españoles. El estudio también ha sondeado las diferencias en función del género y la edad. Los datos se analizan mediante un modelo de ecuaciones estructurales (SEM), en el que se utilizan como variables exógenas el apoyo de los compañeros y de la familia en Internet, y como variables endógenas la condición de víctima o agresor de ciberacoso. Los resultados muestran que las denominadas "redes de apoyo", tanto primarias como secundarias, juegan un papel esencial en la prevención de la implicación de los adolescentes en casos de ciberagresión y cibervictimización. El análisis multigrupo por sexo y edad revela diferencias a tener en cuenta a la hora de diagnosticar la situación y promover medidas socioeducativas para la prevención del ciberbullying.

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Publicado

2024-05-15

Cómo citar

Piazuelo-Rodríguez, I., Bautista-Alcaine, P., Cebollero-Salinas, A., & Íñiguez-Berrozpe, T. (2024). El apoyo familiar y entre iguales como factor preventivo de la ciberviolencia entre adolescentes. Implicaciones según edad y género. Aloma: Revista De Psicologia, Ciències De l’Educació I De l’Esport, 42(1), 37-48. https://doi.org/10.51698/aloma.2024.42.1.37-48

Número

Sección

Educació